History of Mackenstein favori envoyer

Mackenstein history (thanks to authors and contributors)


(From "Dossiers Collector N ° 13" by Jean-Loup Princelle, based on the text by Frank Körfer published in the review of Club Daguerre and the book of the Board of Directors of SA Mackenstein (1903-1923) loaned by a descendant of Henri Suffize)

Hermann Joseph Hubert Mackenstein was born on December 17, 1846 in Doveren in Westphalia. Orphaned at 13, he is taken in by his uncle and godfather, who has the same first names as him.

He has an older sister Sophie and two brothers, Heinrich (1849-1875) and Franz (1854-1926)

From 1861 to 1866 he apprenticed with a carpenter and apprentice master near Dusseldorf.

He left as a journeyman first in Aachen, then in Paris, but must return to Prussia at the end of 1868 to be incorporated as a bugler in the 87th regiment in Mainz.

France having declared war on Prussia on July 19, 1870, Hermann will do the whole campaign, Wissembourg, Woerth, Phalsbourg, Sedan and the siege of Paris, from September 22, 1870 to January 27, 1871. (Guillaume the first is proclaimed Kaiser of Germany in the Hall of Mirrors on January 18, 1871.

In early 1872, Hermann opened a carpentry workshop in Paris, 16, rue Cuvier, where he employed his brother Heinrich and two French workers.

In 1875, he married Irhama Augusta Fontaine d'Ocq, witnessed by Henri Daniel Ruhmkorff (whose workshop will be taken over by Jules Carpentier). That same year, his brother Heinrich dies at 26 years old. Around 1878, he subcontracted photographic cabinetmaking for different manufacturers, and developed his own range of cameras, even exporting to England and Russia.

Member of the French Photography Society in 1883, he then lived at 15, rue des Carmes, with his workshop nearby, Impasse des Boeufs. In 1897, he launched a photographic periodical, "Arc en ciel" which ceased in 1915.

In 1902, the "Etablissements Mackenstein S.A." were created, as well as a sales store at 7, avenue de l'Opéra. This same year, the range of binoculars was redesigned and the names "Francia" and "La Francia" appeared.

On August 21, 1914, the Board of Directors noted that following the state of war, and given the name of the company, the manager dismissed the staff and closed the store and workshop.

Note that during this period, the staff is made up of a dozen people, that certain customers, Jougla, Girard & Boitte require specific constructions, and that on the other hand, Mackenstein imports camera housings from Wünsche.

On January 2, 1915, the property of Hermann Mackenstein, who nevertheless had French nationality, was placed in receivership, and he and his family were evicted from France in May 1916.

On November 7, 1916, the manager, Mr. Cousin reopens the store, every day from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. with the help of Mr. Léon Molitor (An allowance of 2 Francs per day is allocated to the seller.)

In September 1918, the turnover was 9,977.30 Francs and in October, 12,171.40 Francs, which gives an idea of ​​the importance of stocks ...

In February 1919, production resumed with the new 9 x 12 foldings. In July, the director and foreman's salaries went up to 800 Francs monthly.

Marie Mackenstein, his daughter, returned to Paris in November 1919, but Hermann could not return until 1922. He died on March 24, 1924 at 78 years of age

In 1923, the company became "Etablissements FRANCIA" and Hermann sold the business to his foreman and salesperson, Suffize and Molitor, who will continue to manufacture Mackenstein devices.